Benefits of Incineration as a Form of Waste Management
Incineration is the process of waste management which involves the combustion of waste. Incineration transforms the waste into heat, ash and flue gas. The procedure has become among the most utilized waste disposal mechanisms and has replaced waste disposal through landfills. The heat generated by incineration can be tapped to generate power by use of WtE-Waste-to-energy technologies. This procedure has become widespread in the majority of municipal waste management. There are many benefits that can be obtained from incineration as a form of waste management as compared to other waste management means.
Due to its less emission of gases, incineration plants can be situated near or in cities. In this case therefore, the price of having to transport the waste for many miles outside the town is eliminated. Waste control through landfills demands that the waste be transported to these websites and most of them are often located away from the city which makes it very pricey. However incineration cuts these transport costs and the money saved may be used to conduct other important projects.
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Incineration can burn approximately 90% of the waste generated in a specific area. This makes incineration the most reliable and harmless form of waste management. Other waste management kinds such as landfills facilitate only the decomposition of organic waste while it keeps nonorganic waste piling.
Occupies Less Space
Incineration plants occupy a tiny area. Incineration reduces the volume of first waste to nearly 10%. Incineration is especially important in urban cities where there is lack of land. Instead of landfills where people have to search for new zones each time one is full, incineration sites are built just ones and may be used over and over again.
Generation of Energy
The heat produced during the incineration of waste can be harnessed through the use of waste-to-energy technologies to produce electricity. This energy can be used to accommodate for energy needs of these people living near. The energy produced is very clean and may be used to replace or reduce the use of fossil fuels hence saving on the emission of harmful gases to the environment.
Effective Under Any Weather Conditions
Incinerators do not have some favorable weather conditions. They are created in a way they’re operated in whatever climate conditions that may prevail unlike landfills which could be affected by rainy season since the waste transportation vehicles may get stuck.
The gases generated through incineration are not toxic to the environment. Additionally incineration does not contaminate groundwater as landfills do. It also avoids environmental hazards that can result from other waste management methods such as deep sea dumping of waste that may destroy aqua life.
Produces Odor Free Residue
The bottom ash residue produced following incineration has been Was non-hazardous and is odor free. The residue can be recycled and Used as a construction aggregate.